Section Eleven


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Document Contents | Intro | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | References | Appendices |


Ansley, B. (1993). Judgement in Christchurch. New Zealand Listener 10 July 1993, pages 18 – 25.

Bander, Joy (Pseudonym).(1997) A Mother’s Story, The Civic Crèche Sex Trial. Howling at the Moon Productions, 1997.

Brett, C. (1993) Beyond the civic crèche case North and South, September 1993 pages 54 – 70.

Bruck, M., Ceci, S. J., & Francouer, E. (1999).  The Accuracy of Mothers' Memories of Conversations with their Preschool Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, Vol. 5:1-18.

Bruck, M. & Ceci, S. J. (1999). The Suggestibility of Children's Memory. Annual Review of Psychology 1999 50:419-439.

Bruck, M. & Ceci, S. J. (1999). Jeopardy in the Courtroom: A Scientific Analysis of Children's Testimony Published by the American Psychological Association (Item No. 4318350, ISBN: 1-55798-282-1.

Bruck, M., Ceci, S. J., Francouer, E., & Renick, A. (1995) Anatomically Detailed Dolls Do Not Facilitate Preschoolers' Reports of a Paediatric Examination Involving Genital Touching. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1, 95-109.

Ceci, S. and Bruck, M. (1993) Suggestibility of the child witness: A historical review and synthesis. Psychological Bulletin 113 403 - 439

Ceci, S. J. & Huffman, Mary Lyn Crotteau (1997). How Suggestible Are Preschoolers?: Cognitive and Social Factors. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36:7, July 1997.

Colman, B.N. (2003) advertisement in Sunday Star Times August 3 pages C10 and C11.

Conway, Matt
The Quality of Mercy Feature article, Christchurch Press 28 May 2003

Corballis, M.C. (1995) Editorial New Zealand Journal of Psychology 24 (1) 3 – 4.

Corballis, M.C. (2003) Memory and the law NZ Listener 13 Sept 2003, 32 – 35.

Dawes, Robyn Experience and validity of clinical judgement: the illusory correlation Behavioural Sciences and the Law 794) 000-000

Earl, J. (1995)‘The Dark Truth About the "Dark Tunnels of McMartin" Issues in Child Abuse Accusations, 7(2)

Eichelbaum, T. (1997) VII. The Late Justice Neil William Williamson Canterbury Law Review Vol 6, 1997, 421-436

Eichelbaum, T., Davies, G., Sas, L. The Peter Ellis Case. Report of the Ministerial Inquiry (2001). Available through the Office of the Minister of Justice NZ, Hon Phil Goff, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand. Also available on Ministry of Justice’s internet site

Endres, Johann (1997) The Suggestibility of the Child Witness: The Role of Individual Differences and Their Assessment The Journal of Credibility Assessment and Witness Psychology 1997, Vol. 1, No. 2, 44-67 Published by the Department of Psychology of Boise State University. Published on the web http//

Faust, David and Ziskin, Jay (1988) The expert witness in psychology and psychiatry Science 241 31 –35.

Finkelhor et al (1988) Nursery crimes: sexual abuse in day care Sage Publications.

Foley & Johnson (1985) Confusion between memories for performed and imagined actions Child Development 56 1145 – 1155.

Francis, Ross (2003). Letter to the Editor The New Zealand Law Journal November
NZLJ (395)

French , C. and Richards (1993) Clock this! an everyday example of a schema-driven error in memory British Journal of Psychology 84 249 - 253

Garry M., Manning C. G., Loftus E. (1996) Imagination Inflation: Imagining a Childhood Event Inflates Confidence that it Occurred Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 3 (2), 208-214

Goodman (1990) Psychology and the media in D.Singer Symposium conducted at the 98th annual convention of the American psychological association, Boston.

Goodman (1987) paper for the society for research in child development convention, Baltimore.

Goodyear-Smith, F. (1993a) First do no Harm- The Sexual abuse Industry. Benton-Guy.

Goodyear-Smith, F. (1993b) Crèche case, Christchurch Journal of the Institute for Psychological Therapies 5(4)

Goodyear-Smith, F. (1999) The Danger of Absolute Safety New Zealand Skeptic 1999 54 1 - 7

Haden, Frank (1997) How on earth can this abuse case have happened? Sunday Star Times 22. June 1997, pages C1,2.

Harper, J.A. (1983) The Church that’s taking over Auckland Metro magazine November pp 122 –135.

Harper, J.A. (1994) Children and the truth: The psychology of determining the truth or falsity in children’s allegations of sexual abuse. Parent and School February/March issue.

Haugaard, J. et al (1991) Children’s definitions of the truth and their competency as witnesses in legal proceedings. Law and Human Behaviour 1991 15 253 – 272

Herr P (1986) Consequences of priming: judgement and behaviour, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 51 1106 - 15

Hill, M. (1998) Satan’s excellent adventures in the Antipodes presentation to NZSCICOP(Sceptics) conference1998 published in Issues in Child Abuse Accusations 1998 10. on the net at abridged version in New Zealand Skeptic 50 1- 7

Hood, Lynley (2001). A City Possessed, The Christchurch Civic Crèche Case Longacre Press

Huffman, M.L., Crossman, A.M. & Ceci, S.J. (1997) Are false memories permanent? An investigation of the long-term effects of source misattributions. Consciousness and Cognition 6, 482-490.

Kendall-Tackett K, Williams L and Finkelhor D. (1993) Impact of sexual abuse on children: a review and synthesis of recent empirical studies Psychological Bulletin 113 164 - 180

Klein (1996) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 64 81 – 87

Koehler (2001) Teaching bayesian reasoning in under two hours Journal of Experimental Psychology 130 380

Lindsay, Johnson & Kwon (1991) Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 52 297 – 318

Loftus, Elizabeth (1979 ) Eye witness
testimony Harvard University Press 1979 Revised 1996

Loftus, Elizabeth (1993 ) The reality of repressed memories American Psychologist 48 518 - 536

Loftus Elizabeth F. & Calvin, William H. (2001) "Memory's Future," Psychology Today 34(2):55ff (March-April, 2001).

Loftus ,Elizabeth F, Hunter G. Hoffman,(1989)"Misinformation and Memory, The Creation of New Memories ," Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 118(1):100-104 (March 1989). 

Lyon, Thomas D. (1999) The new wave in children’s suggestibility research: a critique Cornell Law Review May, 1999 article 1004

Marks, D.M. (2000) The Psychology of the Psychic (2nd edition) Prometheus books.

McLoughlin, David (1996) Second Thoughts On The Christchurch Civic Crèche DID JUSTICE FAIL PETER ELLIS?
North and South August 1996, pages 54 – 59

McNally, Richard J. 2003 "Remembering Trauma" (2003) Belknap Press.

Neath (1998) Human Memory Brooks/Cole

Newbold, G. (2000) Crime in New Zealand Dunmore Press

Nurcombe, B. (1986) The child as witness: competency and credibility Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry 25 473 - 480

Oshima-Takane Y (1988) Children learn from speech not addressed to them: The case of personal pronouns Journal of Child Language 15 95 - 108

Parsonson, Barry S. (1999) Reviews of the research literature relevant to child sexual abuse: Investigation, memory and recantation. (Report for Ellis's counsel for second appeal) Only released to the courts and the Parliamentary select committee.

Parsonson, Barry S. (1999b) Analysis of Christchurch Crèche Evidential Videotapes (Report for Ellis's counsel for second appeal) Only released to the courts and the Parliamentary select committee.

Poole, D. A. and Lindsay, D. Stephen.
Children’s eye-witness reports after exposure to misinformation from parents. Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 27 – 50

Poole, D. A. and Lindsay, D.S. (1995) Interviewing preschoolers : effects of nonsuggestive techniques, parental coaching, and leading questions on reports of nonexperienced events. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 60 129 - 154

Poole, D. A., & White, L. T. (1991). Effects of question repetition on the eyewitness testimony of children and adults. Developmental Psychology, 27, 975­986.

Pynoos, R.S. and Nader, K. (1989) Children’s memory and proximity to violence Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 28 236 - 241

Rawls, Jane (1996) Law Talk April 1996

Rawls J. 1996a. How question form and body-parts diagrams can affect the content of young children's disclosures. Presented at NATO Adv. Study Inst. Recollect. Trauma: Sci. Res. Clin. Practice. Port de Bourgenay, France

Ricks, Jo (2000) Quoted in N.Z, Skeptic 2001 55 9

Rind, Tromovitch and Bauserman 1998 A meta-analytical examination of assumed properties of child sexual abuse using college samples. Psychological Bulletin 124 22 -53

Robbins, Susan P. (1998) The Social and Cultural Context of Satanic Ritual Abuse Allegations

Issues in Child Abuse Accusations 1998 10

Robertson, Bernard. Editorial New Zealand Law Journal, February 2002.

Ruffman, Rustin, Garnham & Parkin Source monitoring and false memories in Children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology 80 (2)

Scullin, Matthew H. Kanaya, Tomoe and Ceci, Stephen J. (2002) Measurement of Individual Differences in Children’s Suggestibility Across Situations Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied Vol. 8, No. 4, 233–246

Sim, Val (2002) ‘A city possessed" – Lynley Hood’s book on the Christchurch Civic Childcare Centre Case. (Report by Chief Legal Counsel, Ministry of Justice for the Hon Mr Goff, 21 May 2002)

Simcock, Gabrielle and Hayne, Harlene (2002) Breaking the barrier? Children fail to translate their preverbal memories into language. Psychological Science 2002 13 225 – 231

Van Beynen, Martin (1995) Ellis case: the continuing doubts Christchurch Press 9 January 1995 page 11

Wampold, Mondin, Moody, Stich, Benson and Ahn A meta-analysis of outcome studies comparing bona fide psychotherapies empirically, ALL MUST HAVE PRIZES. Psychological Bulletin 1997 122 203 – 215.

Wente, Margaret. (Title unknown), Feature article The Globe and Mail [Toronto], 20 January, 2001.

Wessely, S and Wardle, C. (1990) Mass sociogenic illness by proxy. British Journal of Psychiatry 157

Ziskin, J and Faust, D. 1997 Coping with Psychiatric and Psychological Testimony 5th edition. (three volumes)

Further Reading:

Additional documentation
pertaining to the selection of international experts for the inquiry - Official correspondence between Eichelbaum and Ministry Justice advisers; Submissions by the Crown, Parents, Commissioner for Children, J Ablett Kerr (counsel for Peter Ellis); Justice Minister's advice to Governor General can be accessed on this website: Link

Link to pdf 135KB:

DISCLOSURE OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE What Does the Research Tell Us About the Ways That Children Tell?.   K.London, M. Bruck, S.J. Ceci, D.W. Shuman, American Psychological Association, Psychology Public Policy and Law 2005, Vol 11, No 1, 194-226.

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