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general info

article contents        
Facts - General facts about New Zealand
Climate - Climate of New Zealand
Economy - Economy of New Zealand
Education - Information on New Zealand education


general facts
Official Names: New Zealand, which comes from the name that the Dutch gave the country - Nieuw Zeeland (Zeeland was his home town in Holland). The Maori name is Aotearoa, meaning "Land of the Long White Cloud".
Area: 270,534 km²
Population: 3,570,000 (1995 estimate)
Life Expectancy: male 73.4 years, female 79.1 years
Urban Population: 69%
Capital: Wellington
Largest City: Auckland (1,005,000 pop.)
Language: English 95%, Maori 1%, Other 4%
Adult Literacy: Almost 100%
Religion:Anglican 22%
non-religious 20%
Presbyterian 16%
Roman Catholic 15%
Methodist 4%
Other minorities 23%
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climate
The climate of New Zealand greatly ranges, depending on where in the country you are. The overall climate is temperate, temperatures lowering to sub-zero temperatures (32°F) in winter, and up to the low-medium thirties (around 90°F).

Climatic Graphs
Avg. Monthly Temperature Avg. Monthly Rainfall


These graphs show the climate of two of New Zealand's towns. Located just over 150 km from each other, the change in climate is noticably dramatic.
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economy/currency
economy New Zealand is a fully developed, first world country, and the Economy is reasonably strong. The majority of the GDP (gross domestic product), which annually totals over $100b (US$50b), comes from services, but manufacturing accounts for roughly a third. It is chiefly supported by exports of wool, meat and dairy products.
trade The world's largest exporter of dairy products, an outstanding achievement for a country of only 3 million people, New Zealand is also second to Australia in wool exports. Trade is mainly with Great Britain, United States, Australia and Japan. Tariffs on New Zealand lamb coming into the USA have left farmers sour, but the two countries are working to solve this matter.
currency New Zealand's currency, the New Zealand Dollar (NZD), was introduced in 1967, replacing the original pound. The NZD is divided into 100 cents, as most decimal currencies.
The New Zealand Dollar is equal to approximately 1/3 of the British Pound, and 1/2 of the American Dollar.

New Zealand Currency Calculator
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education

Education is free and compulsory for all children aged 6 to 15, although most start at 5 years old, and can stay at school up to age 18.
Primary School runs from Year 1 to Year 8 (5-13 years), and then Secondary School, or High School, from Year 9 to Year 13 (14-18 years). Further education can then follow. New Zealand has the third-highest rate of tertiary education in the world.
New Zealand has almost 3000 public and private primary schools, and over 400 secondary schools, and these schools are attended by a combined estimate of 800,000 students.
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