Montebello - 9th June 1800

This scenario has been developed by Giorgio Baratto.

Background:

As a prelude to the most famous battle of Marengo, in certain ways, the battle of Casteggio Montebello could be seen as a replica, in miniature, of the former.

After the fall of Genoa Bonaparte realized that it was impossible to stop part of the Austrian army in Liguria and on the 8th of June ordered General Lannes to move as quickly as possible in the direction of Voghera, sweeping away any Austrian resistance.

The same day FML Ott moved toward Alessandria with his 12,000 men. In the mist of the following morning O’Really's light division repulsed the advance guard of the 6eme Legere. Thinking he was facing no more then 6.000 French, O’Really sent a message to Ott who, beliving in an easy victory, pushed his division toward the village of Casteggio. With a bit of luck he could reach Piacenza the next day.

But General Lannes was marching on Casteggio. At 9 o’clock a renewed assault against the Austrian position was made by the 6eme Legere, with O’Really on the defensive. When the division of General Watrin fall upon the defenders of the village of Rivalta, the Austrian understand that an easy victory could be changed into an hard day of fighting.

The battle of Casteggio Montebello could be seen as a “Little Marengo” with the Austrian advancing toward lesser French forces and then assaulted by the reinforcements lead to the battle field by General Victor. The following scenario is detailed at battalion level.

Order of Battle:

Austrian Army, FML Ott (AC)

Advance Guard, FML O’Reilly (DC)

Oberst Schusteck (BC), Ex=8

  • 8th Nauendorff Hussars          M5 [s][s] Lt, sk

  • Bussy Jaeger zu Pferd           M5 [s] Lt, sk

  • 2nd Ottac Grenzer               M4 [s][ ][ ][ ] sk, bg, pt

  • 1st Warasdin Grenzer            M4 [s][ ][ ][ ] sk, bg, pt

  • 3rd Bach Ligth Btg              M5 [s][s] sko

  • 4th Ende Light Btg              M5 [s][s] sko

  • Mariassy Jaeger                 M5 [s][s] sko

  • Horse Artillery Batt            M5 [ ][ ]

GM Vogelsang (DC)

GM Gottesheim (BC), Ex=14

  • IR57 J. Colloredo 1st Btg       M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR57 J. Colloredo 2nd Btg       M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR18 Stuart 1st Btg             M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR 18 Stuart 2nd Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR18 Stuart 3rd Btg             M5 [ ][ ] bg, ne

  • 3rd Ogulin Grenzer              M4 [s][ ][ ][ ] sk, bg, pt

  • IR17 Hohenlohe 1st Btg          M4 [ ][ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR17 Hohenlohe 2nd Btg          M4 [ ][ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

FML Shellenberg (DC)

GM Sticker (BC), Ex=13

  • IR28 Frohlic 1st Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR28 Frohlic 2nd Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR28 Frohlic 3rd Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR40 Mittrowsky 1st Btg         M4 [ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR40 Mittrowsky 2nd Btg         M4 [ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR40 Mittrowsky 3rd Btg         M4 [ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR51 Splenyi 1st Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR51 Splenyi 2nd Btg            M5 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR13 Reisky 1st Btg             M4 [ ][ ][ ] bg, ne

  • IR13 Reisky 2nd Btg             M4 [ ][ ] bg, ne

  • 10 Lobkowitz L.Dragoons         M5 [s] Lt, sk

 

French Army General Lannes (AC)

Army Troops:

  • 12e Hussars                     M5 [s][s][s] Lt, sk

Gen de Brigade Mainoni (BC), Ex=3

  • 28e Demi Brigade 1st Btg        M5 [ ][ ]

  • 28e Demi Brigade 2nd Btg        M5 [ ][ ]

  • 28e Demi Brigade 3rd Btg        M5 [ ][ ]

Gen- Watrin (DC )

Gen Mahler (BC), Ex=9

  • 22e Demi Brigade 1st Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

  • 22e Demi Brigade 2nd Btg        M5 [ ][ ]

  • 22e Demi Brigade 3rd Btg        M5 [ ][ ]

  • 40e Demi Brigade 1st Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ]

  • 40e Demi Brigade 2nd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

  • 40e Demi Brigade 3rd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

Gen Gency (BC), Ex=4

  • 6e Légère 1st Btg               M5 [s][s][s]

  • 6e Légère 2nd Btg               M5 [s][s]

  • 6e Légère 3rd Btg               M5 [s][s]

Gen Victor (CC)

Gen Chamberlhac (DC)

Gen Herbin (BC), Ex=5

  • 24e Légère 1st Btg              M5 [s][s][s][s]

  • 24e Légère 2nd Btg              M5 [s][s][s]

  • 24e Légère 3rd Btg              M5 [s][s][s]

Gen Rivaud (BC), Ex=10

  • 43e Demi Brigade 1st Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ]

  • 43e Demi Brigade 2nd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

  • 43e Demi Brigade 3rd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

  • 96e Demi Brigade 1st Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ][ ]

  • 96e Demi Brigade 2nd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

  • 96e Demi Brigade 3rd Btg        M5 [ ][ ][ ]

Setup: 

Austrian Set Up: The Advance Guard of O’Really should be placed on the hill around the village of Rivalta. At 9.30 the first columns of Austrian troops starts their entrance from the road of Alessandria. First Vogelsang, then Schellenberg division. FML will enter when the first battalion of Schellenberg enters the table. All Austrian enter in march column. All Austrian infantry is mounted on linear bases.

French Setup: The French player enters the first round with the 6eme Legere, the 12eme Hussars Lannes and Watrin from the road that lead to Piacenza, in any formation he desired. At 11 o’clock from the same route will enter the rest of the Watrin Division followed at 12 noon by the Mainoni brigade. The remainder of the French army, including Victor with the Chamberlhac’s Division will enter the field on the 2pm move from the same road. 

Game Length:

The game will start at the 9.00 turn and will end at the end of the 7pm turn or when one of the two army quits the field. In the Battalion Level game each turn represents 30 minutes.

The Map:

The map can be downloaded for viewing off-line.

To allow enough sufficent room to move the reserves and the general flow of troops that enter the battlefield, the game should be played on a table of 12' x 6' foot. All woods are open, but disorder the linear troops when crossed. The river should be treated as a marshy banked stream except that it does not cause a disorder result.

 Towns & Villages: Montebello is represented by four town blocks. Casteggio is two town blocks (the central ones) and two village blocks. Rivalte, Casa Giordana and Casa Fertile are a single town block. The Castle (Castello) is a single town block with all the benefit of a Fort.

Victory Conditions:

The French will win by exhausting at least two of the three Austrian divisions and forcing the Austrians to withdraw to Montebello. If the French are able to exhaust all the three divisions but  the Austrians are still defending the bank of river Coppa then the battle is a draw.

If the French are unable to reach the above conditions the game ends in an Austrian victory.


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